An introduction to DBA

An Introduction to Diamond Blackfan Anaemia (DBA)

What is DBA?

Diamond Blackfan Anaemia (DBA) is a rare blood condition where the bone marrow fails to produce enough red blood cells.

What is Diamond Blackfan Anaemia (DBA)?

Bone marrow and blood cells

Your blood is mostly made up of four things: red blood cells, white blood cells, other cells called platelets and a liquid called plasma, which the blood cells and platelets move in.

Bone marrow is the spongy part inside your big bones. It is a bit like a cell-making factory where new blood cells are made. When they are first made by the bone marrow they are called stem cells. These stem cells grow into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen around your body. They are the reason your blood is red. These red blood cells are necessary for life since they carry oxygen around the body.

Why is this happening?

Diamond Blackfan anaemia is a genetic syndrome and is caused by changes (mutations) in ribosomal protein genes in about 80-85% of those affected.

DBA is a rare syndrome. It is a genetic syndrome caused by changes in genes (mutations).

What signs will I notice?

Let’s look at some of the things that might be happening.

Feeling tired – Without enough red blood cells, you might feel tired or out of breath and look pale. DBA can cause fatigue, poor growth, lack of appetite, and a pale complexion. In about a half of cases patients also suffer associated congenital abnormalities.

Other Problems – Some affected children are short for their age and may have delayed puberty.

What will make me better?

What Will Make Me Better?

AS YET THERE IS no cure but DBA is very treatable with help from hospitals.

Many people with DBA are treated with blood transfusions, often monthly.

Some DBA People can respond to a high dose of steroids, often taken every-other day.

For some children (but not everyone), your bone marrow might need to be replaced by healthy bone marrow, which has been donated by a different kind person. For this to work well, the donated bone marrow has to be a good match with your own body.

On rare occasions, it has been known for DBA patients to go into remission, with a temporary or permanent cessation of symptoms.

Talking to somebody. We know that having DBA can be dicult. If you have any questions or worries, please talk to somebody about this. Your family, your brother, your sister, your friends, and your doctors are all here to help you as much as they can.

What DBAUK can do…

What can DBA UK Do?

DBA UK is a registered charity (1083179) run by volunteers. We offer support, research and hope to the DBA community by bringing families together to share their experiences, communicate the latest medical information and raise funds to support those with DBA in the UK.

Telephone support line UK Family & Patient Support Line 0845 094 1548 will provide invaluable support to patients and their families at a diffcult and confusing time.

We also hold an annual conference for all DBA families in the UK.